KEY WORD : architecture / measurements
A story or level of a building, used especially in reference to a pagoda. For example, a *gojuu-no-tou 五重塔 is a five-storied pagoda, and a *sanjuu-no-tou 三重塔 is a three-storied pagoda. Each story is counted, and therefore, first, second, third, fourth and fifth stories are ichijuu 一重, nijuu 二重, sanjuu 三重, yonjuu 四重, gojuu 五重, and so on. Examples: Houryuuji 法隆寺 Gojuu-no-tou (late 7 to early 8c) and Hokkiji 法起寺 Sanjuu-no-tou (early 8c) in Nara. The term is also applied to gates with two roofs or two stories *nijuumon 二重門, for example, Toufukuji *Sanmon 東福寺三門 (1428) in Kyoto. Other words used to count stories include: *sou 層 and *kai 階; for example, the upper story, may be called jousou 上層. Kai is most often used in the sense of buildings with various number of usable floors, for example, ikkai 一階, nikai 二階 sangai 三階, yonkai 四階 etc. meaning first, second, third, fourth etc. floors. A single storied building may be referred to as tansou 単層 and a multiple storied building as juusou 重層.


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