hakkyakumon 八脚門
KEY WORD : architecture / gates
Also read yatsuashimon. Also called sangen ikkomon 三間一戸門 or sangen sankomon 三間三戸門 depending upon the number of entrances in a three-bay wide gate. Lit. an eight-legged gate. Eight secondary pillars are placed on the same axis at front and back of the gate. They support four main pillars positioned in the center of the gate beneath the ridge *munagi 棟木. Hence, it is really a gate composed of twelve pillars. All the pillars are round and of the same diameter. This arrangement results in a 3x2 bay gate. Usually, only the center bay provides a walk-through space but some of the three-bay gates have an entrance in each bay. The greater percentage have gabled roofs *kirizuma yane 切妻屋根, but occasionally they have hip-and-gabled roofs *irimoya yane 入母屋根. This style of gate dates as far back as the Nara period. Examples include: Motoyamadera Nioumon 本山寺二王門 (1485) in Kagawa prefecture. It is an eight-legged gate with a gabled roof covered with tile *hongawarabuki 本瓦葺; Kibitsu Jinja Minamizuijinmon 吉備津神社南随身門 (1357) in Okayama prefecture. See *zuijinmon 随身門. It is an eight-legged gate with a tiled hip-and-gable roof. Four-legged gates may also have undulating gables either on the gable ends, yotsuashi hirakaramon 四脚平唐門, or on the front and back bargeboards, yotsuashi mukaikaramon 四脚向唐門.
Toudaiji Tegaimon 東大寺転害門 (Nara)
Toudaiji Tegaimon 東大寺転害門 (Nara)

*shikyakumon 四脚門

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