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dotou@y
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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Also called tsuchi-no-tou y̓ or dantou i. Lit. earthen pagoda. Dantou means stepped pagoda. A pagoda-like form made by piling up soil in steps. Those still extant look like small hills surrounded by a thick stand of trees, like ancient tombs, for which they are easily mistaken. Several mounds exist but even the zutou (head pagoda) another type of earthen pagoda, is not in its original condition. The name zutou is derived from the legend of a Buddhist priest, Genbou (?-746) from Kanzeonji ϐ in Fukuoka prefecture who lost his head falling to the earth where the Nara Dotou now exists. As stated in the TOUDAIJI YOUROKU 厛v^, a dotou was built by the high priest Jitchuu at Toudaiji Nigatsudou 厛񌎓 (767) in Nara. The dotou is 24u and has seven stone Buddhas positioned around it. The second step is reconstructed to 18u with three stone Buddhas, the third layer measures 12u with one stone Buddha, the fourth measures 6u and has two Buddhas arranged on it, and the top layer has a five-storied pagoda *gorintou ܗ֓, made of five stones: a square base stone, a round or bottle shaped stone, a square stone with a pyramidal roof *hougyou-zukuri `, and an onion-shaped, teardrop stone *houju , at the top. It appears that walkways once surrounded each layer. Further examples of remains include: Oonoji Dotou 쎛y (Heian period) in Osaka; Katsuodera Hatten Ishigura VΑ (Heian period) in Osaka; Kumayama Kaidan FRd (Nara period) in Okayama prefecture, and Musashi Kokubun niji Dotou 򎛓y (Nara period) in Tokyo.
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