ageya 揚屋
KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings
Also called ageya jaya 揚屋茶屋. A type of town house *machiya 町家, found in the pleasure quarters *yuukaku 遊廓, of Edo period cities where the higher ranking and more cultivated entertainers and prostitutes, yuujo 遊女, served their clients. These establishments were based in *okiya 置屋 in Kansai 関西 region and *yuujoya 遊女屋 in Edo. In the early Edo period, the Edo pleasure quarter *Yoshiwara 吉原, reputedly contained eighteen ageya. The ageya supposedly were impressive as architecture, being larger than hikite jaya 引手茶屋. The ageya had *tsukiagedo 突上げ戸 in the windows of their upper-storeys, whereas the hikitejaya had *koushi 格子. The ageya also had a place outside for visitors of warrior, bushi 武士, rank to tether their horses. In the Houreki 宝暦 era (1751-64), the ageya ceased to exist in Edo, and hikite jaya were built in their place. Moreover, the yuujoya of Edo came to combine residential and reception functions. Architects continued to build ageya in Kyoto and Osaka. A surviving Edo period example is the Sumiya 角屋 in Shimabara 島原, Kyoto (now a National cultural property). The Sumiya takes the form of a large townhouse with an *omoteya 表屋, providing a 31m frontage of koushi overlooking the street, and a tsunoya 角屋 at the rear. There are also several lavishly appointed suites of *zashiki 座敷 on the upper floor of the Sumiya.


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