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zenshuu bijutsu@‘T@”üp
KEY WORD :@art history / general terms
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The general term used for any art related to the practise of Zen ‘T Buddhism in Japan. Zen flourished in Japan in the Kamakura and Muromachi periods and is characterised by the ideals of simplicity, naturalness, precision and harmony. The main centers of Zen influenced art have been the monasteries, and it is from them and particularly from their spiritual leaders that zenshuu bijitsu has come. This art often displays the influence of Chinese art of the Song and Yuan dynasties.
The earliest flowering of the style occurred at Toufukuji “Œ•ŸŽ› in Kyoto where Shouichi Kokushi ¹ˆê‘Žt (1202-80) known as Ben'en Enni •Ù‰~‰~Ž¢ was the abbot, and who combined rigorous religious discipline with a rare sensitivity to the arts. At the beginning of the Muromachi period it was Musou Soseki –²‘‹‘aÎ (1275-1351), founding abbot of Tenryuuji “V—´Ž› also in Kyoto who led the field, especially in the art of gardening but also in calligraphy.
Probably the greatest achievements of Zen art came from the huge temple complex of Daitokuji ‘å“¿Ž› which was founded by Shuuhou Myouchou @•ô–­’´ (1282-1337); also called Daitou Kokushi ‘å“•‘Žt who was followed by the great patron and artist abbot *Ikkyuu ˆê‹x (1394-1481), one of whose intellectual descendants was Sen Rikyuu ç—˜‹x (1522-91), the most celebrateed tea ceremony *chanoyu ’ƒ“’, master of all.
All the arts were included in this style, but representative examples are *chinsou choukoku ’¸‘Š’¤ or portrait statues of well-known priests, and *sumi –n ink painting. There is also a Zen style of architecture *zenshuuyou ‘T@—l.
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