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yuuzenzome@—F‘Tυ
CATEGORY:@art history / crafts
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"Yuuzen style dyeing." A form of paste-resist dyeing with beautiful colors and pictorial designs named after the Kyoto fan painter Miyazaki Yuuzen ‹{θ—F‘T credited with perfecting the technique around 1700. In addition to the brightly-colored aristocratic designs and motifs of kyouyuuzen ‹ž—F‘T made in Kyoto, regional varieties include kaga yuuzen ‰Α‰κ—F‘T, from Kaga ‰Α‰κ province (now Ishikawa prefecture) and featuring more subtly shaded colors, naturalistic design motifs and a plum-juice dye, as well as the more flamboyant edo yuuzen ]ŒΛ—F‘T, its bold colors and designs reflecting the *kabuki ‰Μ•‘Šκ world and objects of daily life. While some varieties of yuuzen are combined with embroidery, gold or silver imprint, or other embellishments, Kaga yuuzen never is. Based on the method of paste application, yuuzen is generally divided into freehand paste drawing tegaki Žθ•`‚« and stencil kata Œ^ types. In tegaki yuuzen Žθ•`‚«—F‘T both the resist paste and the dyestuff are applied by hand. First, the design is drawn onto the fabric with aobana Β‰Τ. Then the cloth is stretched out, with tensors shinshi LŽq inserted, and the aobana lines are covered with a fine line of paste resist. A thin, liquid resist gojiru “€`, made from soybean extract, is spread over the appropriate areas. Water is brushed over the area to be dyed, dye is applied with a small, flat brush, then steam-fixed before the paste is rinsed off. The resist paste may be used for other dyeing, such as the background, before the final steaming and washing. The cloth is then stretched to dry. In kata yuuzen Œ^—F‘T the design is transferred to the cloth directly or with a dye-infused paste. Each shape is outlined with rice paste to prevent bleeding; then dyes are applied with a brush, and allowed to set before the resist is washed away. In yuuzenzome the fine white lines left by the paste resist delineate the pattern shapes and direct application of dyes led to the development of detailed landscape and other pictorial representations. The modern yuuzenzome process, although slightly different, is still time consuming and the final fabric is correspondingly expensive.
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