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kabuki@‰Ì•‘Šê
KEY WORD :@art history / general terms
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The most popular form of theatre among townspeople in Japan since the early Edo period. The form has its origins in the early 17c in Kyoto as a dance performance by women, onna kabuki —‰Ì•‘Šê, but in 1629 the Tokugawa “¿ì shogunate banned women from the stage because of widespread prostitution. The resulting young men's kabuki, wakashuu kabuki ŽáO‰Ì•‘Šê, was the origin of the tradition which persists to this day of all women's roles being performed by male actors, onnagata —Œ`. In 1652 this form was also proscribed because of the actors' tendency to offer their favours for money, and older more responsible actors were found to take their place in yarou kabuki –ì˜Y‰Ì•‘Šê or men's kabuki. Kabuki has absorbed influences from *nou ”\, bunraku •¶Šy and especially kyougen ‹¶Œ¾, and remains a vibrant art form to this day. Artists of the shitamachi ‰º’¬ culture of the merchant classes in cities, where kabuki flourished, have always found it a rich source of inspiration, especially woodblock print *ukiyo-e •‚¢ŠG artists
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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