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Yoshino mandara@‹g–ì™Ö’ƒ—…
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
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Devotional paintings of the deities and landscape of Mt *Yoshino ‹g–ì. Yoshino mandara usually show a large figure of *Zaou Gongen ‘ ‰¤Œ Œ» surrounded by the deities of eight other shrines in the area, the landscape of the mountains, and representations of the shrines. Examples survive from the Muromachi and Edo periods, when the ascetic practise of shugendou CŒ±“¹ was widespread.
The mountains near Yoshino, especially Kinpusen ‹à•ôŽR and Oomine ‘å•õ, are the center of shugendou practice. The founder of the tradition *En no Gyouja –ðsŽÒ initiated the use of these mountains in ascetic practice in the 7c and called down upon them the deity Zaou Gongen.
In the twin mandala *Ryoukai mandara —¼ŠE™Ö䶗…, the *Taizoukai mandara ‘Ù‘ ŠE™Ö䶗… and the *Kongoukai mandara ‹à„ŠE™Ö䶗…, Shugendou adepts are represented travelling through the mountains between Yoshino and Kumano (see *Kumano mandara ŒF–ì™Ö䶗…).
By the late Heian period Yoshino had become of interest to the court not only as a subject of poetry and the site of an ancient court but also as a pilgrimage site. Items excavated at the sutra mound kyouzuka Œo’Ë in Kinpusen include a sutra case offered by Fujiwara Michinaga “¡Œ´“¹’· (966-1027) in 1007.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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