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Yashima kassen@‰®“‡‡í
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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A pictorial subject depicting scenes from the "Battle at Yashima," an important engagement in the Genpei Battles Genpei kassen Œ¹•½‡í and setting for several dramatic incidents, such as *Yuminagashi ‹|—¬‚µ and *Ougi-no-mato î‚Ì“I, which were later celebrated in literature and art. As recounted in HEIKE MONOGATARI •½‰Æ•¨Œê (The Tale of The Heike) and GENPEI SEISUIKI Œ¹•½·Š‹L (The Rise and Fall of The Genji and The Heike), on the 18th day of the second month of 1185 the forces of the Minamoto Œ¹ general, *Yoshitsune ‹`Œo (1159-89) attacked the Heike camped on the beach at Yashima ‰®“‡ (near Takamatsu ‚¼, Kagawa prefecture), burning their fort. As the Taira •½ courtiers and warriors fled in boats, Yoshitsune's men galloped out into the surf exchanging arrows. Later the Heike led by Noritsune ‹³Œo (1160-85), returned to the beach to confront the Genji warriors but were eventually driven out to sea. The scene at the beach, backed by pine trees, of Yoshitsune on horse-back watching the Heike boats approach is called "Muretakamatsu –´—獂¼". The "Battle at Yashima" is one of the main scenes of painting of the Genpei battles Genpei kassen-zu Œ¹•½‡í} usually depicted on folding screens *byoubu › •—, such as the 17c example in the Tokyo National Museum. Episodes from the battle were often rendered in warrior prints *musha-e •ŽÒŠG by *ukiyo-e •‚¢ŠG artists especially in the 19c.
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REFERENCES:
*heike-e •½‰ÆŠG.
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NOTES
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