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uchiwa-e@cG
CATEGORY:@art history / paintings
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Lit. fan painting. A painting either directly on a fan, *uchiwa c, or on a round format which could later be attached to one. The earliest examples of uchiwa-e in Japan are paintings from the Kamakura period which were influenced by Chinese Sung and Yuan painting styles. There are fan-shaped paintings extant by Sesshuu M(1420-1506) but the genre was popularized much later by Ogata Kourin ` (1658-1716) and other *Rinpa Ԕh artists. A famous example by Kourin is the uchiwa-e painting Yatsuhashi-zu } in the Hatakeyama Kinenkan RLO in Tokyo. There are also uchiwa chirashi-zu cU} screens at Shoujuuraigouji O} in Kyoto (see *senmen byoubu ʛ) where round fan paintings are scattered across large folding screen surfaces. Throughout the Edo period, uchiwa were block-printed with the faces of famous *kabuki ̕ actors and beautiful women of the *Yoshiwara g. Uchiwa-e painted with landscape scenery and bird-and-flower themes became popular in the 19c. The shape of the uchiwa became wider at this time. Edo period uchiwa were used constantly in daily life and therefore few remain, but most of the popular *ukiyo-e G artists of the time painted or designed for the fan format.
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