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tousu@“ŒŽi
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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Also read toushi. Originally tousu was the god of the latrine who was also called fujou kongou •sò‹à„, or dirty water kongou. A toilet, latrine or lavatory at a Zen temple. The tousu was also called toujo “Œ˜ or toujou “Œò meaning the lavatory for monks living on the east side of temple grounds. For the group of monks living on the west side of the temple grounds, the latrine was called saijou ¼ò. The westside toilet was also called seijou ¼ò, and eventually became contracted to setchin á‰B (snow hidden), the common name used for the toilets in a tea ceremony garden. See *sunasetchin »á‰B, meaning sand toilet.
The lavatories were situated diagonally to the left and right of the bathhouse *ooyuya ‘å“’‰®. The tousu was at the east right front of the grounds facing the main gate, while the saijou was at the west, left front of the grounds also facing the gate. The priests of highest status used the tousu and lower level administrators used the saijou. Eventually, tradition has it, the separate latrines were combined into one and called Tousu. Only two are extant at Zen temples. These are:
Toufukuji “Œ•ŸŽ› Tousu (early 15c) in Kyoto. It is 7~4 bays 27.07m~10.36m and has a gable roof *kirizuma-zukuri ØÈ‘¢, covered with, tile *hongawarabuki –{Š¢•˜. Its only entrance is on the north gable end. The interior is now lacking all its original fixtures. The other tousu is at the Zen temple called Shuuon-an V‰¶ˆÁ (1653) in Kyoto. It is 2~2 bays (4m~3m), and also has a gable roof that is covered with pantile *sangawarabuki ŽVŠ¢•˜. At Rinnouji Taiyuuin —Ö‰¤Ž›‘å—Q‰@, there is a toilet called Reibyou Saijou —ì•_¼ò (1653) in Tochigi prefecture. It is 5~2 bays (9.10m~3.64m), and has a gable roof. It has an entrance on the gable end. The roof is copper-covered to simulate tile, doubanbuki “º”•˜.
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Toufukuji Tousu “Œ•ŸŽ›“ŒŽi (Kyoto)

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