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Tara Bosatsu@‘½—…•ìŽF
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
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A female form of *Kannon ŠÏ‰¹ who appears as the "mother" of the Kannon section (Kannon-in ŠÏ‰¹‰@ or Renge-in ˜@‰Ø‰@) of the *Taizoukai mandara ‘Ù‘ ŠE™Ö䶗…. One of the Thirty-three Kannon Sanjuusan Kannon ŽO\ŽOŠÏ‰¹. It is recorded that Xuanzhuang (Jp: Genjou Œºš÷: 600/2-664) saw the image Tara Bosatsu in India, and several texts devoted solely to her were translated from the end of Tang and during the Song Dynasties (10-13c). She is mentioned in the FUKUUKENJAKU SHINPEN SHINGONGYOU •s‹ó㮍õ_•Ï^Œ¾Œo. She appeared in art in India as an attendant of Kannon in the Gupta period (6-7c); was shown commonly as a single deity in sculpture of the Pala period (9-12c); is shown in relief sculptures in Java in the 8-9c; was and is, in Tibet, a female alternate of Kannon; and appeared in her Indian/Tibetan form in paintings at Dunhuang (Jp: Tonkou “ÖàŠ). However, she appears not to have had an independent cult in Japan, since there are no independent images. In the Taizoukai mandara she holds a lotus and is clothed from her neck to her ankles in robes that reveal nothing of her physique: an alteration from her Indian representation may have occurred in China.
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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