|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
|A paper decoration design *ryoushi soushoku 料紙装飾 similar to a marble design. A few drops of ink *sumi 墨 are poured onto the surface of water and then a sheet of *washi 和紙 is dropped on top. The flowing ink creates a wave pattern on the paper. While various types of paper are used for the process *ganpishi 雁皮紙 is used most often. In addition to black ink, vegetable dyes such as indigo *ai 藍 and safflower red *beni 紅 are also used. The earliest example of suminagashi can be found in the early 12c anthology Sanjuurokuninshuu 三十六人集 from Nishihonganji 西本願寺, Kyoto. Since ancient times the suminagashi technique has been used on cloth as well as paper. A similar technique is also used on lacquer and ceramic wares.|
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