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shiborizome@iõ
KEY WORD :@ art history / crafts
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Tie dye. A name for a resist-dyeing technique and the fabric made by it. Shibori i designates a huge variety of resist techniques that include folding, stitching nuishimeshibori –D’÷i, binding kanokoshibori Ž­‚ÌŽqi, and sheathing, and can be used alone or in combination. After the bindings are removed, the fabric, which has been partially protected by one of these methods when the cloth is in the dye vat, has hazy patterns that may be radial rasen —†ù, squarish hitta •C“c, wood grained mokume –Û–Ú, or spider webbed kumo ’wå. Shiborizome may be combined with such techniques as *yuuzenzome —F‘Tõ or embroidery. Textiles dyed by bound resist *koukechi ã–ã’, wax resist roukechi ädã’, and carved block resist kyoukechi šñ㒠were all imported from China, In the Heian period, shibori was used for banners and Buddhist ceremonial canopies. It was not until the Edo period that special techniques developed in Kyoto, Narumi –ŠC, Arimatsu —L¼ (near present-day Nagoya –¼ŒÃ‰®, Aichi prefecture) and other centers of shibori production. Kanokoshibori, especially the large, squarish variant called hittashibori •C“ci was one of the most popular textile designs in the Edo period.
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NOTES
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