sessha 摂社
KEY WORD : architecture / shrines
A Shinto shrine, second in rank and size to the main shrine honsha 本社, but having a status higher than the *massha 末社. Such shrines are sometimes called auxiliary shrines. Dedicated to a deity which has a deep and significant relationship to the god or goddess is venerated within the main shrine. The sessha may be either within or outside the precincts of the main shrine. There is no set limit to the number of sessha which belong to a shrine. It is said that the Naikuu 内宮 at Ise Jinguu 伊勢神宮 has up to twenty-seven sessha and the Gekuu 外宮 sixteen. The style of the shrine building usually conforms to that of the main shrine but there is no such requirement. Examples: Nokami Hachimanguu Sessha Hirano Imaki Jinja Honden 野上八幡宮摂社平野今木神社本殿 (1595) in Wakayama prefecture; Iso no kami Jinguu Sessha Izumo Takeo Jinja 石上神宮摂社出雲建雄神社 in Nara and Kasuga Taisha Wakamiya Jinja 春日大社若宮神社 within the boundary of the main shrine Kasuga Taisha 春日大社 in Nara.

Nokami Hachimanguu
Sessha Hirano Imaki Jinja Honden
野上八幡宮摂社平野今木神社本殿 (Wakayama)


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