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roban@˜I”Õ
CATEGORY:@architecture / general terms
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Commonly used abbreviation of shouroban ³˜I”Õ; also called masugata žeŒ`. Originally, an entire spire *sourin ‘Š—Ö, or tear-drop crowning ornament *houju •óŽì. Roban now refers to the box-like sturucture placed over a peaked roof. Square *hougyou yane •óŒ`‰®ª, hexagonal, rokuchuu yane ˜Z’‰®ª or rokkaku yane ˜ZŠp‰®ª, or octagonal roofs, hatchuu yane ”ª’‰®ª or hakkaku yane ”ªŠp‰®ª, have a peaks at the top where the corner ridges *sumikudarimune ‹÷~“, merge. To prevent leaking, a cover was necessary. The number of sides of a roban depends on the number of sections that form the roof. Most were square, but hexagonal or octagonal ones were necessary when the roof has six or eight sections.
The roban also provided the base for a complete spire, which was composed usually of seven distinct parts placed on top of the base section. It also furnished a base for various teardrop or onion-shaped forms called houju, lit. precious jewel. Roban made in the early centuries were quite low compared to the height of the later inverted bowl-shaped forms *fukubachi •š”«, placed on the roban. The proportions of the roban changed in later periods. It was taller and was often decorated with a multifoil pattern *kouzama Ši‹·ŠÔ. Roban are made of bronze, stone or tiles.
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Koufukuji Nan'endou ‹»•ŸŽ›“ì‰~“° (Nara)
Koufukuji Nan'endou ‹»•ŸŽ›“ì‰~“° (Nara)

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