|KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures|
| Noh masks *noumen
\Κ representing men. These realistic portrayals of men of both high and low social
status at various stages in life are often classified by age. Youths include the
temple boys *kasshiki
H, the eternally
young *jidou Ά and *douji
Άq (perhaps better classified as sprites along with the sculpturally similar red
*shoujou ΰΝΰΝ), and the blind
boys *semimaru δΫ and *yoroboshi
γ@t. Most of the young men's masks represent refined courtiers, many of whom were
also warriors of the Heike clan and died in battle. The most universally used
of these is *chuujou «.
Others include atsumori Φ· *imawaka ‘α and *juuroku
\Z. To represent commoners *wakaotoko
αj or *kantan otoko
ηΆηΐj are used. Middle-aged men appear only as victorious warriors and are represented
by the mask *heita
½Ύ, of which several variations exist. Old men, venerated for their wisdom, appear
in the first act of many noh plays. They are described under *joumen
ΡΚ. In addition there are a number of special masks tokushumen ΑκΚ used
exclusively for a single play that bears the name of the character as its title,
such as *KAGEKIYO i΄, *SHUNKAN
r°, *YORIMASA and *IKKAKU
SENNIN κpεl, For these, each school has its own portrait-like interpretation.
Thus while in general a mask can be used for a wide variety of roles in a large
number of plays, the opposite is true for these special masks: a single role is
represented by several quite different masks.
Hair styles for men's masks vary. Youths generally have hair streaming down over their forehead or in clear-cut bangs. Warriors and courtiers wore tall black lacquer hats. The line where the bottom rim of the hat would cut across the forehead is shown on the men's masks by a straight black horizontal strip. Side hairs are then painted along the left and right rims of the mask. Eyebrows are painted with thin black lines along the upper eye-socket, often thickening with an upward swerve for the outer portion. For the highest ranks (e.g. chuujou ), however, as with women's masks, eyebrows appear as 'caterpillar' fuzz above the bone structure, reflecting the custom of shaving them off and painting in false eyebrows. For mature men's masks, a mustache, sometimes slight, sometimes aggressively magnificent, and suggestion of a beard are painted in with black hair lines. The eyes are rendered realistically, with eyelids enclosing indented eyeballs. The pupils, however, unlike the square openings for women's masks, are rounded to give a strong dynamic, though they are not fully round circles as is found on demon masks. Coloring tends to be more ruddy than for women's masks.
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