|KEY WORD : architecture / castles|
| 1 Also
石垣; ishigaketsumi 石崖積; ishigakizumi 石垣積. A rough, unprocessed
stone with one comparatively even surface used to make a stone garden wall.
More of these stones are required to build a wall than if only rough stones
are used. Also many rough stones are packed behind the visible stones for
崩積 is the term used for completely rough stones of different sizes piled
up into a wall. See *ransekizumi
2 Lit. natural-face masonry. Also nozurahagi 野面矧ぎ. Also written nozurazumi 野頬積. A technique used in building dry stone walls *ishigaki 石垣, supporting castle ramparts, towers and moats. The stones are worked very little, giving the wall a rough, natural appearance. The stones appear to be piled up randomly, but the technique actually makes use of stone groupings and gravity to create a strong wall. Nozurazumi walls are stable and drain well, although their slope is less steep than walls built by cut and inserted masonry *kirikomihagi 切込矧ぎ or pounded and inserted masonry *uchikomihagi 打込矧ぎ.
Matsumotojou 松本城 (Nagano)
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