nakayama torii 中山鳥居
KEY WORD : architecture / shrines
Also called banshi torii 伴氏鳥居. A stone entrance-gate to a Shinto shrine *torii 鳥居 of the myoujin type *myoujin torii 明神鳥居, distinguished by a pronounced curve of the top lintel *kasagi 笠木, and by being thicker at the ends than at the center. It is pentagonal in section. The secondary lintel *shimaki 島木, is also slightly curved. The insertion of the tie beam *nuki 貫, into the pillars is very shallow, and there are no wedges *kusabi 楔, used to secure it. A simple strut, gakuzuka 額束, without a frame or an inscription is centered between the tie beam and the bottom of the secondary lintel. The pillars have a pronounced inward incline *uchikorobi 内転, and are placed on circular base stones decorated with a Buddhist type lotus motif similar to the one seen at Kitano Tenmanguu 北野天満宮, Kyoto. The KitanoTenmanguu torii can be dated to the Kamakura period and is placed in front of a tiny subsidiary shrine *massha 末社, said to have belonged to the Ban Clan, Banshi 伴氏. Examples: Banshi Jinja 伴氏神社 within the precinct of Kitano Tenmanguu; Nakayama Jinja 中山神社 (1558) Okayama prefecture.


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