|KEY WORD : architecture / gates|
1 Also called ryuuguumon 竜宮門.
A unique type of mausoleum gate *byoumon
廟門 built at Rinnouji Taiyuuin 輪王寺大猷院, Nikkou 日光, Tochigi prefecture. The mausoleum, Reibyou
霊廟 of Tokugawa Iemitsu 徳川家光 (1604-51), was built in the mid-17c, at this temple
in Nikkou. It has undulating bargeboards *karahafu
唐破風, on the front, back, and both sides. It has a single ridge, and
a high gate *roumon
楼門, 1-bay deep in the purlin direction and 2-bays deep in the transverse
direction. The gate also has a gable roof *kirizuma
yane 切妻屋根. The bottom part of the gate is covered with white
plaster and the doors are brightly colored and embellished with gold.
Rinnouji Taiyuuin 輪王寺大猷院 (Tochigi)
2 One of twelve gates in the enclosure of the Imperial Palace, Daidairi 大内裏, at the Heian capital, Heiankyou 平安京 in Kyoto. Also called gagakuryoumon 雅楽寮門 or kashimon 歌司門.
3 The ENGISHIKI 延喜式, a collection of books outlining all the regulations and aspects pertaining to the Imperial Palace in the 9c, contains a reference to a 2-storied, single roofed gate, 5-bays wide with 3-openings which is called koukamon.
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