koukamon 皇嘉門
KEY WORD : architecture / gates
1 Also called ryuuguumon 竜宮門. A unique type of mausoleum gate *byoumon 廟門 built at Rinnouji Taiyuuin 輪王寺大猷院, Nikkou 日光, Tochigi prefecture. The mausoleum, Reibyou 霊廟 of Tokugawa Iemitsu 徳川家光 (1604-51), was built in the mid-17c, at this temple in Nikkou. It has undulating bargeboards *karahafu 唐破風, on the front, back, and both sides. It has a single ridge, and a high gate *roumon 楼門, 1-bay deep in the purlin direction and 2-bays deep in the transverse direction. The gate also has a gable roof *kirizuma yane 切妻屋根. The bottom part of the gate is covered with white plaster and the doors are brightly colored and embellished with gold.
Rinnouji Taiyuuin 輪王寺大猷院 (Tochigi)
Rinnouji Taiyuuin 輪王寺大猷院 (Tochigi)

2 One of twelve gates in the enclosure of the Imperial Palace, Daidairi 大内裏, at the Heian capital, Heiankyou 平安京 in Kyoto. Also called gagakuryoumon 雅楽寮門 or kashimon 歌司門.

3  The ENGISHIKI 延喜式, a collection of books outlining all the regulations and aspects pertaining to the Imperial Palace in the 9c, contains a reference to a 2-storied, single roofed gate, 5-bays wide with 3-openings which is called koukamon.


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