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Koseha@h
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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The Kose school which was founded by Kose no Kanaoka , who held an important hereditary position in the 9c imperial painting bureau, kyuutei edokoro {G. Documents claim that he was requested by Sugawara Michizane ^ (845-903) to paint the landscape sights of the imperial pleasure garden, the Shinsen-en _, where he served as an official from 868-872. Other records indicate that he was active until 895 and that his painting style was recognized as a new method shin'you Vl, which served as the first step toward adapting Tang style landscape painting *fuukeiga i and genre scenes *fuuzokuga native to Japanese taste. His associations with the Heian nobility also helped raise the social status of painters at this time. Among his successors, Kose no Oumi , was apppointed to the position of a junior official in Sanuki ] (present day Kagawa prefecture) in 901. Two brothers Kose no Kimitada (also read Kintada) and Kimimochi ] (also read Kinmochi; act. mid-10c) in the court of Emperor Murakami (r:946-67), were influential in the development of a second style of painting which is associated with handscrolls such as GENJI MONOGATARI (The Tale of Genji). In addition to influencing the development of classic secular painting in the Heian period, the Kose lineage also branched out into other areas of painting. At the request of Fujiwara Michinaga (966-1027), Kose no Hirotaka LM painted portraits, Buddhist paintings and decorations for utensils. In the mid-12c, Kose no Nobushige M and Muneshige @ continued to work as imperial court painters, kyuutei eshi {Gt. Around the middle of the Kamakura period, a grandson or great-grandson of Hirotaka named Yuuson L went to work for the Ichijouin @ and Daijouin @ of Koufukuji and established a new lineage of painters called the *Handaza fc which formed the core of the *nanto-edokoro sG. During the Nanbokuchou period, Kose no Yukitada s and Arihisa Lv held government positions as edokoro-azukari Ga, a title given painters who worked in the official painting bureau.
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