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kokkeibon@m{
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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Lit. humorous books. A witty and humorous type of novel of the late 18c and 19c. The early kokkeibon were instructional, each containing a lesson to be learned. These included works such as: TOUSEI HETA DANGI k` (An Awkward Present-Day Sermon; 1752) by Fuurai Sanjin Rl (1728-79), the pen name for Hiraga Gennai ꌹ, a scholar and painter; and Sanjin's well-known works, NENASHIGUSA (Rootless Grass) and FUURYUU SHIDOUKENDEN u` (The Dashing Life of Shidouken), which appeared in 1763. Later kokkeibon were influenced by *sharebon { in terms of themes and portrayal of characters. However, unlike the sharebon which illustrated humor in the pleasure quarters, kokkeibon dealt with the everyday life of townsmen and their journeys. Witticisms and play on words created a humorous flavor. The books were published in *chuubon { size. Representative kokkeibon are the TOUKAIDOUCHUU HIZAKURIGE CGI (Footing It Along the Toukaidou, *Hizakurige GI) by Jippensha Ikku \ԎɈ (1765-1831), the first part of which appeared in 1802, and Shikitei Sanba's On (1776-1822) UKIYOBURO C (The World at the Bath-House; 1809-13) and UKIYODOKO (The World at the Barber Shop; 1813-14). Production of this type of book continued through the early Meiji period (late 19c). A kokkeibon contained illustrations as major components . There were illustrations similar to today's *manga , with an emphasis on the humor rather than illustrating the plot. Examples include the 1783 Mitate Karitatoezukushi 栐s by Chikujou Ikei |׌y. Illustrations were often mixed in with the text. In early works, the print designers names were rarely mentioned, but known illustrators of kokkeibon include Torii Kiyotsune o (fl. 1757-79), Suzuki Harunobu ؏tM (1724-70), Tachibana Binkou k], Kitao Shigemasa kd (1739-1820) and Ran'u J. In the kokkeibon's most flourishiung period *ukiyo-e G print designers created many of the illustrations. These include the *Utagawaha ̐h artists Utagawa Toyokuni ̐L (1769-1825), Kuninao (1793-1854), Kunisada (1786-1864), and Kuniyoshi F (1797-1861) as well as Kitagawa Yoshimaru k and Keisai Eisen k։p (1790-1848). There are also a number of cases where Ikku and others produced their own illustrations. The frontispieces and pouches in which the books were kept were also printed in color.
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