|KEY WORD : art history / sculptures|
|Metal statue. A variety of metals were used for statues in Japan, including iron and silver, but bronze *douzou 銅像 and gilt bronze kondouzou 金銅像 images were the most common. Methods used include casting *chuukin 鋳金, statues hammered in relief on a metal plate *oshidashibutsu 押出仏, and hairline engraving *kebori 毛彫. There were many different techniques of casting, such as the lost-wax method *rougata 蝋型, and a large number of materials which can be used to make the casting mould, for example stone, clay, or sand. Clay was a particularly versatile material for making moulds for metal casting. Some of the techniques which used clay included: *sougata 総型, where the surface pattern was engraved on the inside of the clay mould; *fumigaeshi 踏返, where a simple, flat object was reproduced by covering with clay to make a mould; and warikomegata 割込型, where a clay mould, made over a model, was removed from the model in pieces and reassembled for casting.|
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