kashii-zukuri 香椎造
KEY WORD : architecture / shrines
A style of building used for the sanctuary *honden 本殿, at a Shinto shrine. The basic plan is 3×3 bays. The sanctuary, also called a *naijin 内陣, is 3×1 and is separated from the middle sanctuary by partial walls and three hinged doors *tobira 扉. The middle sanctuary *chuujin 中陣, is 3 bays wide but almost half as deep again as the sanctuary. It also has hinged doors opening toward the worship hall *gejin 外陣. The worship hall has 1-bay extension on each end, called wings, yokubu 翼部. Hinged doors extensions open at each side facing steps where an ox-cart, or a horse and carriage, could stop to allow visitors to enter the worship hall easily. The roof over the sanctuary and middle area is hip-and-gable *irimoya-zukuri 入母屋造. Over the wings there is a gable roof *kirizuma-zukuri 切妻造. A dormer bargeboard *chidori hafu 千鳥破風, is placed over the front entrance of the worship hall and a 1-bay step-canopy *kouhai 向拝, extends over the center steps. The five front bays of the worship hall have plank-board lattice doors that are divided horizontally so that the upper part can be raised and hooked to a rafter and the lower section can be lifted out if the need arises. These are called *shitomido 蔀戸. Details include: boat-shaped brackets *funahijiki 舟肘木; double eaves *futanoki 二軒; rainbow beams with bottle shruts *kouryou taiheizuka 虹梁大瓶束; in the gables, close spaced rafters *shigedaruki 繁垂木; and cypress bark roofing *hiwadabuki 桧葺. Example: Kashiiguu Honden 香椎宮本殿 (1801), Fukuoka prefecture.


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