|KEY WORD : architecture / shrines|
| A style of building used for the sanctuary *honden
本殿, at a Shinto shrine. The basic plan is 3×3 bays. The sanctuary, also called
a *naijin 内陣, is 3×1 and
is separated from the middle sanctuary by partial walls and three hinged doors
*tobira 扉. The middle sanctuary *chuujin 中陣, is 3 bays wide
but almost half as deep again as the sanctuary. It also has hinged doors opening
toward the worship hall *gejin
外陣. The worship hall has 1-bay extension on each end, called wings, yokubu 翼部. Hinged doors extensions open at each side facing steps where an ox-cart, or
a horse and carriage, could stop to allow visitors to enter the worship hall easily.
The roof over the sanctuary and middle area is hip-and-gable *irimoya-zukuri
入母屋造. Over the wings there is a gable roof *kirizuma-zukuri
切妻造. A dormer bargeboard *chidori hafu
千鳥破風, is placed over the front entrance of the worship hall and a 1-bay step-canopy
*kouhai 向拝, extends
over the center steps. The five front bays of the worship hall have plank-board
lattice doors that are divided horizontally so that the upper part can be raised
and hooked to a rafter and the lower section can be lifted out if the need arises.
These are called *shitomido
蔀戸. Details include: boat-shaped brackets *funahijiki
舟肘木; double eaves *futanoki
二軒; rainbow beams with bottle shruts *kouryou taiheizuka 虹梁大瓶束; in the gables,
close spaced rafters *shigedaruki
繁垂木; and cypress bark roofing *hiwadabuki
桧葺. Example: Kashiiguu Honden 香椎宮本殿 (1801), Fukuoka prefecture.
(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. No reproduction or republication without written permission.