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kamaya@Š˜‰®
KEY WORD :@architecture / folk dwellings
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Also written â}‰®. Lit. cooking room. Either refers to a freestanding structure used for cooking, or a part of a vernacular house *minka –¯‰Æ, used for cooking. The term was already in use in temples of the Nara period to mean a building used for cooking, especially boiling rice. It had one or more cauldrons kama Š˜, and cooking ranges *kamado â}. In Edo period minka in various parts of Japan including Chiba, Okayama, Shimane and Kagawa prefectures, a free-standing structure that stood either to the lower end *shimote ‰ºŽè, of the main house, or behind the earth-floored area *doma “yŠÔ. The kamaya had a hard-packed floor and contained a cooking range. In many parts of Japan, the kamaya referred to an area used for cooking, where the cooking range was situated. It was usually a part of the earth-floored area, towards the rear of the house. In minka in Shikoku Žl‘, and parts of Okayama, Tokyo and Yamaguchi prefectures, the kamaya was an earth-floored area which projected from the rear of the main house *hon'ya –{‰®, either in the form of a penthouse structure *geya ‰º‰®, or forming a T-shaped or L-shaped plan tsunoya Šp‰®. Again, this was used for food preparation and contained a cooking range. In Tokushima prefectures, it was also called kamaba Š˜ê. In minka in the Nara and Osaka areas, the kamaya was an extension of the earth-floored area at the lower end. It contained a sink, nagashi —¬‚µ, in addition to the cooking range. In houses with a *yamatomune ‘å˜a“ style roof, the tiled roof of the kamaya was often lower than that of the main thatched part, and was provided with a smoke louvre *kemuridashi ‰Œo. In vernacular houses in parts of Yamanashi prefecture, the kamaya referred to a low timber platform projecting into the rear part of the earth-floored area doma. In divided-ridge type farmhouses *buntougata •ª“Œ^ of the Edo period in Honshuu –{B, kamaya was the most common term used to refer to the structure that covered the earth-floored area. It directly abutted the raised-floor living structure kyoshitsubu ‹Žº•”. A valley gutter *toi ”ó, was generally constructed at the interface between the two buildings. The kamaya usually had a hipped roof *yosemune yane Šñ“‰®ª, covered with thatch, contained a cooking range, and served as a cooking area and an indoor working area. In some cases it also incorporated a stable *umaya ”n‰®.
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Old Kometani •Ä’J houseiNara)

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REFERENCES:
*kamadono Š˜“a
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
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NOTES
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