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Kaihouha@Ckh
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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A school of painters active from the 16c to the 19c founded by Kaihou Yuushou CkF (1533-1615) and passed down for eight generations. Each artist after Kaihou Yuusetsu CkF (1598-1677) served in turn as the master painter to the Imperial Court *goyou-eshi pGt. Yuushou was born into a samurai family serving the Asai clan of Oumi ߍ] province. While still young, Yuushou was sent to the Kyoto Zen T temple Toufukuji , to become a novice, thus escaping the 1573 attack by Oda Nobunaga DcM (1534-82), which destroyed his family. Yuushou is said to have studied with a Kanou painter, either Kanou Motonobu 쌳M (1476-1559) or his grandson Eitoku i (1543-90). Yuushou however, developed an individualistic style of painting, highly charged with energy, reflecting his military upbringing and his Zen training. For artistic inspiration, Yuushou looked to the sources of the Kanou school *Kanouha h, Song and Yuan painting *sougenga v, in particular, the works of Liang K'ai (Jp: Ryoukai , mid-13c). With the assistance of his contacts in the Zen community, Yuushou received commissions for paintings from a number of temples in Kyoto, and was patronized by Toyotomi Hideyoshi LbGg (1536-98) and Emperor Goyouzei z. Characteristic of Yuushou's style are his use of ink washes and his "baglike" figures, rendered with a minimum of long brushstrokes *genpitsu M, seen for example in his painting of Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove *Chikurin shichiken |ю at Kenninji m in Kyoto. Numerous monochrome and polychrome ink works by Yuushou survive, the largest number preserved at Kenninji. Kaihou Yuusetsu, son and successor of Yuushou was influenced by the then current Kanou school manner, as were his descendants in the Kaihou school. Yuusetsu is remembered for his screen painting at Myoushinji Rinshouin Sُˉ@ in Kyoto. Kaihou school artists after Yuusetsu include Yuuchiku F| (1654-1728), Yuusen F (1736-41), Yuusan FO (active ca. 1770), Yuutoku F (active ca. 1818-30), and Yuushou F (1817-68). Paintings by the later Kaihou artists are scarce.
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