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jougo-zukuri@˜R“l‘¢
KEY WORD :@architecture / folk dwellings
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Also called jougomune ˜R“l“ A roof-style found on vernacular houses *minka –¯‰Æ, mainly in Saga prefecture. The main roof of the main building, omoya Žå‰® (see *hon'ya –{‰®) is composed of 4 ranges laid out to form a square around a totally enclosed central valley, from which the style derives its name, jougo ˜R“l (a funnel). The roof is hipped and thatched and each range is rather narrow in cross section, 2 - 2.5 *ken ŠÔ (approximately four meters). The ridges are covered with plain large tiles *hiragawara •½Š¢ and decorated with horn-like thatch features, minnosu Ž¨Žq. The central valley is drained by means of a very large rainwater gutter *amadoi ‰J”ó of overlapping, half-cylindrical tiles, also called jougo. The gutter is supported by a ladder-like cradle of bamboo called a jougo hashigo ˜R“l’òŽq. It crosses one range of the roof space within the building to discharge water through a wall to an external channel. The style developed in the last decades of the Edo period, as an elaboration of *futamune-zukuri “ñ“‘¢ or *kudo-zukuri â}‘¢. Despite vulnerability to heavy rain, the style was regarded as resistant to typhoon winds, and among the wealthy farmers, enjoyed considerable popularity for a time.
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