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futamune-zukuri@“ñ“‘¢
KEY WORD :@architecture / folk dwellings
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Alternatively known as futatsu-ie “ñ‚‰Æ.@A style of vernacular house *minka –¯‰Æ, with a divided ridge structure *buntougata •ª“Œ^, common during the Edo period in Kumamoto prefecture and the southern part of Fukuoka prefecture. In Kumamoto prefecture, a typical example consisted of two narrow ranges, between 3.5m and 4.5m wide, with thatched roofs, usually hipped, yosemune Šñ“, placed side by side. One range, locally called niwaya ’뉮, contained the earth-floored area *doma “yŠÔ, and the other contained the raised-floor living zone, kyoshitsubu ‹Žº•”, generally made up of a single row of two or three rooms. Together they generated an internal plan that was almost square and only minimally disturbed by the valley gutter *amadoi ‰J”ó, that drained the trough between the two adjacent structures. Surviving examples are generally late or post-Edo period, although houses with a divided ridge have existed in this area since at least the early 17c. In Fukuoka prefecture, the two ranges are often linked by a transverse roof at the front or at the rear in an arrangement called maetanigata futamune-zukuri ‘O’JŒ^“ñ“‘¢.
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