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jimune@’n“
KEY WORD :@architecture / folk dwellings
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A base ridge.

1@A longitudinal timber plate resting upon the principal transverse roof beams *hari —À, in vernacular houses *minka –¯‰Æ, with thatched roofs in the Kinki ‹ß‹E region, and parts of the Kantou ŠÖ“Œ, Gifu and Fukuoka prefectures. It provides a base upon which to set a row of struts, munazuka “‘© which support the ridge purlin *munagi “–Ø.

2@In tiled storehouses *dozou “y‘ , and similarly constructed urban vernacular houses *machiya ’¬‰Æ, a longitudinal timber beam positioned below the true ridge. In the case of kura, the beam is often supported only by the gable frames, often with supporting beams called *tenbinbari “V”‰—À, and spans the whole length of the building. The jimune provides a footing for a row of squat struts which underpin the ridge. It also supports the principal rafter beams, gasshoubari ‡¶—À, or diagonal beams *noboribari “o—À, which span from the lateral walls to the centre of the building and upon which the shallow, pitched roof is constructed. The use of jimune and noboribari obviates the need for constructing a more complex roof-construction system, wagoya ˜a¬‰®.
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