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Izumo no Okuni@o‰_‚Μˆ’‘
CATEGORY:@art history / paintings
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Purported founder of the *kabuki ‰Μ•‘Šκ theatre and subject of 17c genre paintings *fuuzokuga •—‘­‰ζ. Said to be a shrine virgin miko ›ήŽq of Izumo Taisha o‰_‘εŽΠ in Shimane prefecture, she adapted the devotional dance, nenbutsu odori ”O•§—x‚θ and came to Kyoto to solicit alms. In 1603 she led a troupe of women in dances and comic skits near Kitano Tenmanguu –k–μ“V–ž‹{. Her original and erotic style of dance became a huge success and was labeled "Kabuki," which derived from the late 16c colloquial expression "kabuku ƒJƒuƒN" meaning "shocking" or "forward leaning". More specifically it was called Okuni kabuki ˆ’‘‰Μ•‘Šκ. The erotic nature of this women's kabuki, onna kabuki —‰Μ•‘Šκ, made it an easy front for prostitution. In 1629 the government banned women from performing and young men were substituted, but with the same result. The theme of Okuni kabuki appears in painting both as one element in *Shijougawara-zu Žlπ‰ΝŒ΄} and as the sole subject. Notable handscrolls of Okuni kabuki (Kyoto University, Shouchiku Ootani Ό’|‘ε’J Library, Tokugawa Reimeikai “Ώμκt–Ύ‰ο, and Yamato Bunkakan‘ε˜a•Ά‰ΨŠΩ) typically show Okuni in the clothes of a priestess bikuni ”δ‹u“ς, wearing a bamboo hat and striking a gong suspended from her neck.
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REFERENCES:
*kabuki-zu ‰Μ•‘Šκ}
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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