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hokusou sansuigashiki teien@–k‘vŽR…‰æŽ®’뉀
KEY WORD :@architecture / gardens
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Lit. gardens in the style of Northern Song landscape painting. A modern term that stresses the compositional similarities between Japanese Muromachi period gardens and Chinese Song dynasty painting. By the middle of the Muromachi period, landscapes by leading Northern Song (Jp; Hokusou –k‘v) painters such as Dong Yuan (Jp; Tou Gen “ŸŒ¹) , Yen Wengui (Jp; En Bunki ‰•¶‹M) , and Li Tang (Jp; Ri Tou —›“‚), were collected in Japan. The emphasis on dramatic vertical compositions, effects of deep space, hard outlines, and the monochromatic palette of Northern Song landscape paintings is echoed in several Muromachi period dry landscape *karesansui ŒÍŽR… gardens at Zen temples. Oft-cited examples of hokusou sansuigashiki teien include the gardens attributed to the painter Sesshuu áM (1420-1506) at Joueiji í‰hŽ› in Yamaguchi prefecture, and at Manpukuji –œ•ŸŽ› and Ikouji ˆãŒõŽ› in Shimane prefecture, well as the famous garden attributed to Kogaku Soukan ŒÃŠx@˜j (1465-1548) and the painter Souami ‘Šˆ¢–í ( ? -1525) at the Daisen-in ‘åå‰@ at Daitokuji‘å“¿Ž› in Kyoto. A related but more general term is *suiboku sansuigashiki teien …–nŽR…‰æŽ®’뉀.
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