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hishimon@H
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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A diamond or lozenge-shaped motif that is a type of traditional design motif *yuusoku mon'you LEl. Alone it is used in many variations for family crests, and when repeated, to create patterns especially popular for kimono textiles. Many variations exist including:

1@Saiwaibishi KH: auspicious diamond, also called tsumatoribishi ܎H or senkenbishi ԕH, also written 挕H; a motif of ten large and small diamond shaped flower motifs, hanabishi ԕH; a lively and feminine pattern frequently used for girl's wear in the Edo period. See *hanabishi mon'you ԕH͗l.

2@*Matsukawabishi H: pine bark diamond, also called nakafutobishi H, a diamond with staggered edges. Especially popular in the Momoyama and Edo periods, when it was used for *kosode and noh costumes *noushouzoku \.

3@*Yotsuwaribishi lH : Also called takedabishi cH, after the feudal lord Takeda who used the motif as a family crest. A diamond divided into four contiguous small diamonds by two intersecting lines.

4@Itsutsubishi ܕH: A motif created by five diamonds, each sharing two sides to create a star-shaped figure.

5@Toobishi H: distant diamonds, four diamonds grouped some distance apart. Frequently used by the imperial family for fabrics such as the gauze used for the formal headpiece, kanmuri , or twilled clothes for robes worn under the outer garments, shitagasane P (for men) or uchigi (for women).

6@Shigebishi ɕH: a group of four diamonds, frequently combined with toobishi. Widely used for the textile lining court garments such as karaginu and the flat strips, hikikoshi that hang beside the trailing skirt, mo in women's ceremonial court dress.
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toobishi H shigebishi ɕH

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