|KEY WORD : architecture / general terms|
1 A method. Introduced in the Edo period, of constructing the central pillar *shinbashira 心柱 in a five-storied pagoda *gojuu-no-tou 五重塔. The central pillar was suspended by iron chains from the fourth story so that it did not rest on a base stone. Posts were then built around the central pillar to allow it to sway easily from top to bottom. Slender bamboo strips called hajikidake were attached to the upper part of central pillar in two places to absorb vibration. Example: Nikkou Toushouguu Gojuu-no-tou 日光東照宮五重塔 (1818) Tochigi prefecture.
2 The central pillar is surrounded by four short inclining posts, called sagichoubashira 左義長柱. They are located within the roof framework beneath the *roban 露盤 and above the four pillars called *shitenbashira 四天柱. Sagichoubashira frame the upper part of the bamboo strips and receive the load of the roban and the remaining parts of the *sourin 相輪.
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