doza 土座
KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings
1 A type of floor found in vernacular houses *minka 民家, used to create a sitting area, za 座 or kyoshitsubu 居室部, without incurring the expense of a raised floor, takayuka 高床, made of timber. Rice husks, momigara 籾殻, were spread upon the floor to a depth of about 50cm, and covered with thin read mats, mushiro 筵. The momigara was changed once or twice a year. Doza were still used in minka in certain parts of Shiga prefecture, up to the end of World War 2..

2 In minka in parts of Miyagi prefecture, a room with a raised timber floor towards the front of the house adjacent to the earthen-floored area *doma 土間.

*itaniwa 板庭

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