|KEY WORD : art hidtory / paintings|
|Any painting produced with a type of thick, opaque paint made from inexpensive pigment and the white pigment *gofun 胡粉 ground up and mixed with water. These pigments were most commonly used for inexpensive popular art such as *nara ehon 奈良絵本 and *ootsu-e 大津絵, for theater signs kanban 看板, stage settings and for paintings on wooden votive plaques *ema 絵馬. Because the thick muddy pigments resembled oil paints in color and texture, they were employed by Akita school artists *Akitaha 秋田派 for Western style paintings in the late 18 and early 19c. The pigments were also used for copper etched and woodblock printed peep-show pictures *megane-e 眼鏡絵 which entered Japan from Holland and China and were copied by artists such as Maruyama Oukyo 円山応挙 (1733-95).|
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