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Chou RyouEKou Sekikou@’£—ǁE‰©ÎŒö
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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Ch: Zhang Liang, Huang Shigong. Heroic Chinese warriors of the Han dynasty. Zhang Liang (BC 168-137), originally from Korea and using the soubriquet Zifang (Jp: Shibou Žq–[), was an enemy of the Qin emperor and helped Liu Bang (Jp: Ryuuhou —«–M) found the Han dynasty. Zhang is well known for the incident in which he picks up the shoe dropped by the recluse-sage Huang Shigong, who lost it as he crossed a bridge on horseback. As a reward for returning the shoe, Huang presented Zhang with a book on military strategy that would guarantee his success in military campaigns. According to legend, the book ended up in Japan, where *Yoshitsune ‹`Œo used it. Zhang eventually retired from public life and studied Daoist magic with the immortal Shi Songzi (Jp: Seki Shoushi Î¼Žq). The theme of Zhang Liang offering the shoe to Huang Shigong was frequently depicted in Japan, appearing first on fans (Honnouji –{”\Ž›, Nanzenji “ì‘TŽ›), and then as sculpture at the gate, Karamon “‚–å, at Nishihonganji ¼–{ŠèŽ› in Kyoto. The theme was disseminated in the *nou ”\ drama Chouryou and then through nou chant youkyoku —w‹È and ballad drama joururi ò—Ú—ž, eventually becoming the subject of many parody pictures *mitate-e Œ©—§‚ÄŠG by *ukiyo-e •‚¢ŠG artists. Zhang also appears in the story of the Four Graybeards of Mt. Shang *shouzan shikou ¤ŽRŽlá© as the imperial messenger who leads them back to court.
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