|KEY WORD : art history / iconography|
|Sk: bodi druma. The name of the tree under which the historical Buddha *Shaka 釈迦, achieved enlightenment. A type of Indian fig tree, in English it is called the pipal or bo tree, and its Latin designation is ficus religiosa. After his unsuccessful years seeking the way to enlightenment in the wilderness, Shaka sat under this tree, and it was here that he found the path to enlightenment. In representations of this scene, called joudou Shaka 成道釈迦, the Buddha is shown with the earth-touching mudra *shokuchi-in 触地印 or the meditation mudra *zenjou-in 禅定印.|
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