Arianne Dela Rosa Dumayas (Chuo University)
Spatial Distribution of Knowledge in the Philippines
Knowledge is widely-accepted as a significant driver of growth and competitiveness. Knowledge, as what many studies have exemplified, is embedded a particular geographical space. However, majority of researches about the spatial nature of knowledge economy are based the regions of developed countries. This study intends to contribute to the understanding of the spatial dimension of knowledge in developing countries by exploring the case of the Philippines. Using relevant statistics, this study attempts to map and analyze the geographical distribution of knowledge in the 17 regions of the Philippines. These statistics were grouped into input indicators (e.g. R&D personnel, higher education institutions and firms, and R&D expenditure) and output indicators (e.g. number of graduates and completed researches) to develop a meaningful taxonomy of the regions. The study has found out that that there is huge gap among regions. Although, relatively low in comparison with the international standards, the adjacent and affluent regions of National Capital Region(NCR), Region IV-A(CALABARZON), and Region III(Central Luzon) were classified as leading regions. On the contrary, regions in Mindanao, particularly, CARAGA and Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) were categorized as lagging regions.
Arianne R. Dumayas is a MEXT scholar currently pursuing a doctoral degree in Economics at Chuo University in Tokyo, Japan. Prior to coming to Japan for her graduate studies, she finished BA Public Administration from UP-Diliman. Her main research interests are: spatial economics, regional development, agglomeration economies, knowledge economy, and international production networks. She is the former president of the Association of Filipino Students in Japan(AFSJ) and is presently serving as the Deputy Head for Internal Affairs at the ASEAN Youth Network in Japan(AYNJ). She is also a member of Japan Society for International Development(JASID) and Japan Section of the Regional Science Association International(JRSAI).
Thank you for helping us by citing the seminar when using these documents (17th Sustainable Shared Growth Seminar of the Sekiguchi Global Research Association, February 11, 2014, College of Engineering, University of the Philippines)