|tenmoku jawan 天目茶碗|
|KEY WORD : art history / crafts|
|Chinese Tianmu tea bowls. Black-glazed stoneware bowls, with a conical shape, small foot and thin walls, divided into types such as oil spot yuteki 油滴 and hare's fur, nogime 禾目 based on the glaze. The name refers to the Tianmu mountains of Zhejiang 淅江 province, where many of the bowls were made and used by Japanese monks. Reportedly brought first to Japan by a monk in the Kamakura period, they were used at tea gatherings on special stands or *tenmokudai 天目台. The Ashikaga 足利 shoguns valued tenmoku jawan as *karamono 唐物, and included them in lists of famous utensils and art objects. In the Momoyama and Edo periods, the emphasis on Japanese wares eroded the preeminence of tenmoku, yet they are still highly valued by tea adepts.|
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