sougata 総型
KEY WORD : art history / sculptures
Also written 惣型. A method of metal casting which used a clay mould. The mould was made by carving the shape of the desired form into the clay. After surface details had been engraved, heat was applied to the interior surface of the mould to harden it, and then molten metal was poured in. Sometimes an inner mould was also used *nakago 中型. This was also made of clay, and was held in place during casting by metal wedges *katamochi 型持. Although the inner mould was destroyed when the metal object was removed, the outer clay mould could be preserved and reused to make other identical castings. Sougata was traditionally used to make large metal objects such as doutaku 銅鐸 (bronze bells), nabe 鍋 (large cooking pots), temple bells and gongs, and bronze swords and spears.


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