sangarado 桟唐戸
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
Also read sankarado. Paneled entrance doors introduced from China in the 13-14c. They are associated with the Zen and daibutsu styles *zenshuuyou 禅宗様 and *daibutsuyou 大仏様. The doors are hung by pivot hinges *jikuzuri 軸吊 attached to protruding sockets at the top and bottom of the door. The panels are set into a frame composed of horizontal crosspieces or rails san 桟 and vertical mullions *tatezan 竪桟. The size and direction of the panels vary according to the aesthetic effect desired. Often the uppermost sections are filled with vertical lattice renji 連子, diagonally set lattice, or other decoration including the crest of a high ranking family. In the Momoyama period, the panel spaces were filled with elaborate sculpture set in relief. Sangarado are usually double doors but occasionally each door is constructed as a two section folding door. Example: Zuiganji Hondou 瑞巌寺本堂 (1610) in Miyagi prefecture.
a) wakihame 脇羽目 b) *houdate 方立 c) *yokozan 横桟
d) *tatezan 竪桟 e) *waraza 藁座 f) *tonbo kanagu 蜻蛉金具

Nikkou Toushouguu Kyouzou 日光東照宮経蔵 (Tochigi)

*hanaranma 花欄間

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