|KEY WORD : art history / crafts|
|Mino 美濃 ware. A general name for ceramic wares made in the town of Tajimi 多治見 in old Mino province (now the south-eastern part of Gifu prefecture). Sueki 須恵器 ware from the 7c has been discovered in the area, but Mino was mentioned by name in 905 as a place for fine ash-glazed stoneware. During the Kamakura and Muromachi periods the use of the potter's wheel and a greater variety of glazes created more sophisticated pottery in Chinese-derived styles. During the Momoyama period, when the tea ceremony stimulated the production of tea wares, many Seto 瀬戸 potters migrated from Owari 尾張 province (Aichi prefecture) to Mino to take advantage of its abundant clay and fuel as well as the patronage of Oda Nobunaga 織田信長 (1534-82 ), leading to the development of distinctive stonewares there. Glazed teabowls, based on Chinese prototypes but adopting Japanese aesthetics,were produced in great numbers. In the late Momoyama period, the Mino potter Katou Kagenobu 加藤景延 reportedly brought the secrets for producing *karatsuyaki 唐津焼 to the Mino kilns, and from the 15c Mino kilns produced Karatsu style wares. The *noborigama 登窯 (climbing kiln) was introduced from Karatsu. At the same time, Mino kilns also made vessels in the style of *igayaki 伊賀焼. Mino wares include a range of *shinoyaki 志野焼 and *setoyaki 瀬戸焼 types, *oribeyaki 織部焼, seiji 青磁 (celadon), and ofukeyaki 御深井焼 made from sensoutsuchi (iron-rich clay) and covered with a wood-ash glaze that turns a transparent pale yellow when fired. White-glazed stonewares first satisfied the demand for Chinese underglaze-decorated porcelain. Porcelain was produced in Mino from the end of the 19c. The excavation of Mino ceramics from daimyou 大名 residences throughout Japan testifies to their popularity.|
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