karenagare 枯流
KEY WORD : architecture / gardens
Lit. dry stream. A common garden element construction in dry landscape *karesansui 枯山水. Typically it is created by making a stone revetment *karesansui gogan 枯山水護岸 and then raking pebbles or white sand into wave or ripple patterns; in a few examples moss is also be used. Often a stone bridge spans the dry stream to emphasize its symbolic function as a watercourse. Other stones symbolizing a treasure ship takarabune 宝舟 or islands may be placed in the "stream" to further its symbolic status as water. The karenagare usually begins at the base of a dry waterfall *karetaki 枯滝, continuing the flow of water begun there. Outstanding examples include dry streams in gardens at Saihouji 西芳寺 in Kyoto and Toukouji 東光寺 in Yamanashi prefecture, from the Kamakura period, Taizouin 退蔵院 at Myoushinji 妙心寺 and Daisen-in 大仙院 at Daitokuji 大徳寺 in Kyoto, from the Muromachi period, as well as those at the Senshuukaku 千秋閣 in Tokushima prefecture and Nanshuuji 南宗寺 in Osaka, from the Momoyama period.
Toukouji 東光寺 (Yamanashi)
Toukouji 東光寺 (Yamanashi)


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