kappazuri 合羽摺
KEY WORD : art history / paintings
Also かっぱ摺 or kappaban かっぱ版; sometimes kouhan 孔版 or katagamizuri 型紙摺. A technique used to apply color to a monochrome woodblock print sumizuri-e 墨摺絵. Paper stencils were used for each color rather than additional printing blocks, as is the case with polychrome woodblock prints *nishiki-e 錦絵. Particularly used in the Osaka/Kyoto area, the stencil was made from thick paper or several sheets of mino paper *minogami 美濃紙 stuck together and coated with persimmon tannin kakishibu 柿渋. Holes were cut in the required places and then the stencil laid in the correct position on top of a print on which the outlines of the design had already been printed in black ink from a woodblock. A round-headed brush similar to a Japanese cosmetic brush was then used to daub color directly through the hole in the stencil onto the print. If the stencil was not cut or placed accurately, color would stray over the edges of the woodblock-printed black outlines, but this was considered to be one of the charms of the medium.


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