|KEY WORD : art history / sculptures|
| A noh mask *noumen
能面 representing a female serpent-demon filled with malicious jealousy and hatred.
Two sharp horns sprout from the temples and bulbous, metallic eyes lie half hidden
beneath scowling brows. The gaping mouth is full of gold teeth, with upper and
lower fangs that heighten her ferocity. The flesh tone of the face varies depending
on the social rank of the woman portrayed, with a lighter complexion indicating
aristocratic status. Worn by the protagonist, shite シテ, in the second acts of
AOI NO UE 葵上, DOUJOUJI 道成寺, KUROZUKA 黒塚, and MOMIJIGARI
紅葉狩. The first two plays depict women betrayed or spurned by their lovers; the
second two portray demons who first appear in human form to trap the unwary. Several
traditions account for the name "hannya." The most plausible account traces
the origins of the mask to the mask carver Hannyabou 般若坊, who was active in the
late 15c or early 16c.
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