goyou-eshi 御用絵師
KEY WORD : art history / paintings
Painters who were given a salary in the service of the shogunate or daimyou 大名. Although the Imperial Court and various temples had employed artists at ateliers *edokoro 絵所 since the Heian period, the artist Shuubun 周文 (first half of the 15c) was the first to be employed by the shogunate. His position was succeeded by Oguri Soutan 小栗宗湛 (1413-81) and then by Kanou Masanobu 狩野正信 (1434-1530) and Motonobu 元信 (1476-1559). The painters of the Kanou school *Kanouha 狩野派 were goyou-eshi of the successive shoguns in the late Muromachi and Momoyama periods and laid the foundation of its prosperity in the Edo period. This term, however, is sometimes more narrowly applied only to the government employed Kanou painters after Tan'yuu 探幽 (1602-74), whose positions were firmly established in the governmental system.


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