gosekku 五節句
KEY WORD : art history / paintings
Lit. five seasonal festivals. A popular pictorial theme in Edo period art. The five Chinese-inspired festivals are: Kochouhai 小朝拝 (New Year's Celebration) /First month, First day ; Kyokusui no en 曲水の宴 (Feast of Drinking around a Meandering Stream) /Third month, Third day ; Tango no sekku 端午の節句 (Boys' Festival) /Fifth month, Fifth day ; Kikkouden 乞功奠 (Tanabata 七夕 Festival) /Seventh month, Seventh day; and Chouyou no en 重陽の宴 (Feast of Chrysanthemums) /Ninth month, Ninth day. Over the centuries several of the festivals have changed dates, for instance the seventh day after the New Year had been celebrated as Jinjitsu 人日 and the third month festival became the hinamatsuri 雛祭 (Doll Festival). Documents reveal that paintings of the gosekku were produced in the Heian period. Among examples from the Edo period, Sakai Houitsu's 酒井包一 (1761-1828) five hanging scrolls dated to 1827 (Ookura Shuukokan 大倉集古館, Tokyo) are well known. The popular celebrations were often depicted by *ukiyo-e 浮世絵 artists. The gosekku may also be counted among the *nenjuu gyouji 年中行事.


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