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zenigata byoubu@‘KŒ`› •—
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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An early type of folding screen *byoubu › •—, in which panels are individually made with surrounding borders and hinged together with cords. To prevent the cords from rubbing against the panel surface when it is folded, coin-shaped stoppers, zenigata ‘KŒ`, are attached to the borders of each panel. The oldest examples, preserved at the *Shousouin ³‘q‰@, date from the Nara period. Each panel was an individual painting type. The composition (often containing several discrete scenes) was usually on silk, mounted with silk brocade borders onto a wood frame and thick paper batting. This screen making technique (and resulting format) is known as oshiebari ‰Ÿ‰æ’£ also written ‰ŸŠG“\; literally to push on oshi ‰Ÿ, in order to mount the printing on to the screen panel. The coin-shaped guards are made either of wood or leather and the cords used as hinges either leather kawachoutsugai Šv’±”Ô, or braided silk himochoutsugai •R’±”Ô.
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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