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yuujoya@—V—‰®
KEY WORD :@architecture / folk dwellings
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The house of a procurer in the pleasure districts *yuukaku —VŠs, of Edo period cities to keep teams of female entertainers and prostitutes yuujo —V—. In *Yoshiwara ‹gŒ´ of Edo, there were different categories of yuujoya ranked according to status. These included: oomagaki ‘åâß; hanmagaki ”¼âß; *machinami ’¬•À; kogoushi ¬ŠiŽq; and tsubonemise ‹ÇŒ©¢. Of these, the oomagaki was related to the predominantly residential *okiya ’u‰® of the Kansai ŠÖ¼ region. In the latter half of the Edo period in Yoshiwara it differed from the okiya in that preliminary entertainment of clients by the girls sometimes took place on the premises. Hanmagaki and the categories below it are said to have developed from the yunaburo “’—•—˜C of Edo. According to regulations for Yoshiwara dating from 1795, a yuujoya was a two-storey building with the eaves height restricted to 18 shaku ŽÚ. On the ground floor was a shop, harimise ’£‚茩¢, kamibeya ”¯•”‰®, onnabeya —•”‰®, otokobeya ’j•”‰®, chouba ’ ê with engidana ‰‹N’I, a dining area, bath and toilet. The upper floor included a clients' waiting and introduction area hikitsuke zashiki ˆø‚«•tÀ•~, a prostitutes' *zashiki À•~, and a lantern store andon beya s“”•”‰®. High ranking girls had their own suites, comprising a private room of their own and one or more 10 or 12 mat zashiki for reception purpose, equipped with *tokonoma °‚ÌŠÔ and *chigaidana ˆá‚¢’I. Furnishings included tanse ’\y, nagamochi ’·Ž, hibachi ‰Î”«, tea utensils and a mirror stand. Shamisen ŽO–¡ü, sets of go Œé, shougi «Šû and sugorokuban ‘o˜Z”Õ were also provided. Solid partitions were sometimes provided between the suites of the highest ranking girls, but as a precaution against suicide pacts and escape attempts by the girls, *fusuma ‰¦, enabling the girls to keep an eye on each other, were more common. For the lower ranking girls,there was a communal zashiki about 20 *jou ô in area. In the smaller yuujoya, there were no separate zashiki. Instead there was a single large room, mawashibeya ‰ñ‚µ•”‰® or waritoko Š„°, that was divided with folding panelled screens, *byoubu › •—. The yuujoya usually had no rear entrance in order to prevent escape attempts by the girls.
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