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yoritsuki@Šñ•t
KEY WORD :@architecture / folk dwellings, tea houses
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Also written Šñ•.

1@Room immediately inside an entrance to the raised floor zone ; *genkan ŒºŠÖ, *naka-no-kuchi ’†‚ÌŒû or *uchigenkan “àŒºŠÖ in warrior class residences, buke yashiki •‰Æ‰®•~, during the latter part of the Edo period. It seems to have functioned as a kind of inner vestibule and waiting area hikaeshitsu TŽº, for attendants. It often had a plain board floor *itajiki ”•~. Surviving plans from the archives of Takatoo ‚‰“ fief in Nagano prefecture suggest that, particularly in the houses of middle ranking warriors, it referred to the room that was entered after passing through the subordinate entry, uchigenkan. It was sometimes called yoritsuki-no-ma Šñ•t‚ÌŠÔ, though this was sometimes a separate adjacent room. Yoritsuki could also refer to the entry itself as well as the space to which it gave access.

2@In traditional farmhouses nouka ”_‰Æ, in parts of Saitama, Yamanashi, Shizuoka, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyougo, Tottori and Nagasaki prefectures, yoritsuki refers to the room immediately adjacent to the upper side *kamite ãŽè, of the earthfloored area *doma “yŠÔ. It had a sunken hearth *irori ˆÍ˜F— , and household shrine *kamidana _’I and functioned as an everyday living room. In Saitama prefecture it doubled as the eldest son's sleeping room. In Hyougo prefecture it was also called kuchi-no-ma Œû‚ÌŠÔ. In the Tanba ’O”g district of Kyoto, the kitchen area *daidokoro ‘䏊 in the rear of the house was the family living room and theyoritsuki, together with the other front room *omote •\ in the upper position beyond it, constituted a two-room reception suite. Also called shimo-no-ma ‰º‚ÌŠÔ.

‚R@In farmhouses in Sakai ä and Tondabayashi •x“c—Ñ near Osaka, yoritsuki refers to a timber platform about 2m wide projecting from the raised living rooms kyoshitsubu ‹Žº•” into the earth-floored area. Also called *hiroshiki L•~.

‚S@In vernacular houses, *minka –¯‰Æ, on the island of Tsushima ‘Δn, Nagasaki prefecture, yoritsuki refers to an entrance hall constructed in front of the main reception rooms. It took the form of a projected pent roof, *hisashi ›ù, with freestanding posts at the two front corners.

‚T@In farmhouses in parts of Nagano, Gifu and Aichi prefectures, yoritsuki is an alternative term for *kyakuza ‹qÀ, one of the sitting places around the hearth.

6@A waiting shelter found in the outer tea garden *sotoroji ŠO˜I’n. It is the place where guests enter the garden and wait to be invited into the tearoom *chashitsu ’ƒŽº. It may also be called *machiai ‘ҍ‡ 'waiting room' because guests wait here, or hakamatsuke ŒÑ•t 'hakama cloaking area' because guests change into formal attire here. Originally a small structure, its size gradually increased. Since the 19c. the yoritsuki has been approximately same size as the tearoom, often three to eight tatami ô, and provided with a simple alcove *tokonoma °‚ÌŠÔ and hearth for making tea. The toilet *shitabara setchin‰º• á‰B also may be located here.
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